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Daratumumab Prolongs PFS in Frail Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Release time:2022-02-22 08:54:00

Adding daratumumab to lenalidomide and dexamethasone (D-Rd) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM), regardless of frailty status, according to a subgroup analysis of the MAIA study published in Leukemia.1

The phase 3 MAIA trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02252172) included 737 patients — 368 who were randomly assigned to receive D-Rd and 369 assigned to lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Rd). Prior results showed that D-Rd improved PFS over Rd.2

For the current analysis, researchers compared the 2 regimens across frailty subgroups. Patients were divided into 3 subgroups — fit, intermediate, or frail — and 2 subgroups — frail or non-frail.

In the overall population, 396 patients were non-frail (53.3% of the D-Rd arm and 54.2% of the Rd arm), including 146 who were fit (18.5% and 21.1%, respectively) and 250 who were in the intermediate group (34.8% and 33.1%, respectively). The remaining 341 patients were frail (46.7% and 45.8%, respectively).

At a median follow-up of 36.4 months, D-Rd conferred a PFS benefit across the frail and non-frail subgroups.

In the fit subgroup, the median PFS was not reached in the D-Rd arm and was 41.7 months in the Rd arm (hazard ratio [HR], 0.41; P =.0028). In the intermediate subgroup, the median PFS was not reached in either treatment arm (HR, 0.53; P =.0024).

In the total non-frail subgroup, the median PFS was not reached in the D-Rd arm and was 41.7 months in the Rd arm (HR, 0.48; P <.0001). In the frail subgroup, the median PFS was not reached and 30.4 months, respectively (HR, 0.62; P =.003).

The 3-year PFS rate was higher in the D-Rd arm than in the Rd arm across all frailty subgroups:

Fit — 78.3% with D-Rd and 53.6% with Rd

Intermediate — 70.4% with D-Rd and 51.7% with Rd

All non-frail — 73.2% with D-Rd and 52.1% with Rd

Frail — 61.5% with D-Rd and 39.5% with Rd.

“The safety profile of D-Rd in frailty subgroups was generally consistent with the overall population of MAIA,” the researchers wrote.

The most common grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was neutropenia in both frail patients (57.7% with D-Rd and 33.1% with Rd) and non-frail patients (45.4% and 37.2%, respectively).

In both treatment arms, the frail patients had higher rates of grade 3-4 TEAEs, serious TEAEs, treatment discontinuation, and death.

The researchers concluded that these results “support the clinical benefit of D-Rd” in transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed MM, regardless of frailty status.

Disclosures: This research was supported by Janssen Research & Development, LLC. Some study authors declared affiliations with biotech, pharmaceutical, and/or device companies. Please see the original reference for a full list of disclosures.






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